Cast Iron plant or Aspidistra elatior.
As an indoor or house plant or as an outdoor plant, in shaded and tough conditions the Cast Iron Plant (Aspidistra elatior) really lives up to its name.
Readily available for sale online the Cast Iron Plant thrives on Low light, poor soil, lack of water, cold, hot these plants can grow just about anywhere, but do best out of the full sun.
The old fashioned Aspidistra, with its large lance shaped leaves is an easy care plant for indoors. Popular in Victorian times this is an excellent plant for low light situations. Its deep green foliage was thought to bring a tropical or exotic look here it earned the name ‘Palour Palm’.
The flowers are rather insignificant and are often not seen at all. They appear near the base of the plant in early summer, however they do not appear regularly.
Remember that this is a slow growing plant and can take 8 – 10 years to make a mature plant. And this is why we do not see good specimens available for sale very often.
Why is the Aspidistra called the Cast Iron Plant
The botanical name is Aspidistra elatior and it originally comes from Asia. It has earnt the name of ‘Cast Iron Plant’ for a number of reasons.
- The Aspidistra will grow in low light
- It will grow well in dry or wet conditions
- Low temperatures are not a problem although freezes and frosts are.
- This is a plant that also copes well in poor soils
- It is almost pest and disease free.
Like Cast Iron, it is tough and hard to destroy.
Growing condition and care are simple, anywhere out of the full sun, not fussy about soil, fertiliser or water, but will do better if treated well.
Although the tough Aspidistra will grow in poor conditions, it will look a lot better and put on more growth in good conditions. As it is a slow grower we suggest a little extra care.
Growing Aspidistra Indoors
- Use a good quality potting mix, free draining is best.
- An indoor daytime temperature between 18 and 23 C is ideal with a cooler night temperature
- Fertilize with slow release fertilizer in early spring. A little liquid seaweed fertilizer every month will help promote healthy growth
- Move the plant outdoors for a few days in mild weather. A little fresh air always helps.
- Prune away dead foliage at the base as required.
Growing Aspidistra Outdoors
- Dig in some well rotted compost and manure before planting
- Choose a shaded position
- Keep moist but well drained
- Fertilize with a slow release fertilizer in spring and early autumn. Applications of seaweed fertilizers every month will help.
Easy to propagate by division of established clumps. Aspidistra grow from rhizomes so simply dig or remove from the pot and divide.
Aspidistra elatior ‘Variegata’ has attractive green and striped foliage and like the species will reach .5m in full growth.
Aspidistra elatior ‘Asahi’ has lime green striped foliage while Aspidistra elatior ‘maculata’ has green spotted foliage these two are not as readily available for sale.