Cycads (cycas plants and species) are popular as a landscaping plant, growing both in the ground and as feature plants in pots or containers. - picture right
They are an ancient group of plants with large attractive foliage, and as a low care plant have found a home in many landscape features around the world.
Widely distributed, cycad species are native to both Africa (Encephalartos hildebrandtii and others) Japan (Cycas revoluta) and Australia and many are prized not only as ornamental plants but also as a source of food and for medicinal qualities.
Varieties and Species
Cycad species from Australia include : C.thouarsii is a tall growing species to 10m +, C. ophiolitica from Queensland is a rare low growing plant, C.media is another from Queensland, tall growing and looking like a palm tree, C. megacarpa is a medium sized cocas reaching 5 -7m with a stout trunk, C.platyphylla is a prostrate cycad, C.armstrongii is from the Northern Territory, C.cairnsiana is endangered, it will reach 4m under ideal conditions. Lepidozamia peroffskyana and Lepidozamia hopei which are two of the tallest of all cycads are others.
Growing Cycads - Facts and Care
We are often asked about leaves on cycads turning yellow, this seems to be a particular problem with potted plants. The usual cause is overwatering, or over fertilising and sometimes to much sun. The yellow leaves will not 'turn green' again, we suggest you check soil moisture, and also check for poor soil and poor drainage, also look at how much fertiliser you are using.
Scale and mealy bugs are about the only pests to worry about, so check for these as well, lots of solutions available at your local nursery for these problems.
Love your cycad, take it with you, transplanting Cycads is not difficult and they seem to survive well if large enough root ball is taken.
Cycads are available for sale from the following participating nurseries
Mount Martha,Victoria 3934 Ph: 03 59742599
Supplier and installer of quality Cycads together with Bamboo, Canary Island Date Palms,Grass Trees and Yuccas for residential and commercial projects.
LUSH PLANTS NURSERY AUSTRALIA - firstname.lastname@example.org
Beautiful, lush garden plants. Buy online; fast delivery Australia-wide (exc. W.A. & TAS). Tropical plants, exotics & native Australian tropical plants a specialty. Offers a range of wonderful plant gift packs for all occasions.
PINE MOUNTAIN NURSERY
442 Russells Road, Pine Mountain Ipswich QLD 4306 - Ph: 07 54643976
Pine Mountain Nursery is a mail order plant nursery and also specialises in breeding elite agapanthus, clivia, tulbaghia and other warm climate bulbs.
1052 Whittlesea-Kinglake Road Kinglake West 3757
Orchid and fern nursery set in natural bush. Huge variety of ferns from maiden hair ferns to tree ferns.
470 Monbulk-Silvan Road Monbulk VIC 3793 - Ph: 1300 606 242
"Guaranteed mail order flowering bulbs, perennials, roses, trees, landscaping plants, garden accessories and community fundraising Australia-wide."
Cycas Ceratozamia - (latifolia)
A little unusual for a cycad, Cycas Ceratozamia has no prickly spines, making them one of the easier species for high traffic areas. A rather small growing species from mexico it has broad leaflets and will arch a height of only.6m, remember that this a slow grower like most cycads.
A large cuadex at the base will increase in size with age
An understory plant from the mountainous regions of mexico it is drought and frost tolerant. Part shade is best, and certain/y some protection from the hot afternoon sun in all but the coolest regions of Australia.
Cycas Encephalartos ferox
This species will reach around 2m in height and with the spiny foliage is best planted away from high traffic areas. Although it does like a little warmth Cycas Encephalartos ferox is best in part shade. Moist conditions, but well drained.
Propagation is from seed or from offsets, from seed germination is rather slow, 6 - 8 months, a long tap root forms first so if growing in a container make it a deep one.
Cycas Encephalartos kisambo
Another 'upright' species originally from Kenya and surrounding areas. Faster growing than many others it can reach a height of 4 - 5m over time. As with many cycads, dapples shade is best, a humus rich deep soil will allow the long tap root to develop and provide the plant with moisture and strength although some landscapers do grow then in containers, we do not recommend it with this one.
Although it can cope with light frosts Cycas Encephalartos kisambo will not do well in a heavy frost.
Cycas Encephalartos septentrionalis
An interesting species from the Sudan to Uganda, often more upright than other species Cycas Encephalartos septentrionalis has a silvery grey green foliage that can stand 2m tall. Another species with spines on the leaves, but smaller than some.
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|EUDLO CYCAD GARDENS
321 Ilkley Rd Eudlo 4554 - Ph: 1800 072 999
6 acres of landscaped rockeries, 3000 cycads on display, 200 species, encephalartos specialist, Australia's largest cycad range. Also aloes, agaves, euphorbia's, cactus, palms, yuccas& succulents.Visit by appointment.