Diospyros Plant Profile
Although best known for the exotic species, D. kaki, Diospyros are in fact a widespread genus with some species native to Australia.
Some are rainforest trees, generally small to medium growing and in Australia know as the ‘Black Ebony’ . Others grow in wet areas and a few species grow in drier conditions.
They are related to the persimmon and some have fruit that is used as bush tucker.
Major Diospyros species in Australia
- Diospyros australis is known as the ‘Black Plum’ and is found in both NSW and QLD. A small tree (or large shrub) its yellow flowers followed by black berries or fruit.
- Diospyros littorea is found in mangrove swamps in Northern Australia, commonly known as the ‘Ebony Mangrove’..
- Diospyros pentamera is also known as the ‘Grey Plum’ found in tropical rainforest areas of Queensland. Taller growing to 40m although often much smaller.
- Diiospyros humilis is known as the Queensland Ebony, one species that grows in dry areas.
- Native habitat – Tropical areas of Queensland and NT with some species to Mid south Coast of New South Wales.
- Growing Conditions – Found rainforest areas, some in dry open forest.
- Flower Colour – Generally creamy white to green
- Foliage – glossy green, different species have different shaped foliage.
- Height – To 20m depending on species
- Width – to 5m