How to Grow Citrus Trees in Pots and Containers
We are often asked about growing citrus trees in pots, and with so many ‘dwarf’ citrus trees now available those of us with limited space can now grow a lemon tree, lime tree or many other species. They can happily be grown on a patio, in a small courtyard or on an open deck.
Lemon trees and lime trees are popular citrus trees to grow in pots and containers as are cumquats. We tell you how to grow citrus trees in pots including new dwarf varieties which are very easy to grow in pots and these includes not only lemons but also mandarines and orange trees.
How to grow citrus trees in pots.
All pots need to be well drained, and you should select a pot that has good drainage holes and is raised off the ground with ‘feet’ or can be easily sat on something to raise it of the ground. Remember that citrus have shallow root systems so forget trying to plant anything underneath them.
Pots for citrus trees need to be large enough to hold the plant, but not to big. So be prepared to ‘pot up’ the plant over a few years as it establishes itself. Potting mix needs to be good quality with some water saving properties included.
Choose your pot carefully. If you are going to need to move your tree around, go for a lightweight pot. The black plastic pots that plants come in are not really suitable to keep the plant in. They tend to heat up, dry out and generally should not be used once you get your tree home.
Potting mix needs to be of high quality, look for a specialist potting mix suitable for citrus trees.
Ongoing care is important.
Citrus trees grown in pots need to be watered once or twice a week, maybe daily in hot weather. Remember that citrus trees like sunshine, so position the tree where it will receive at least 6hrs of sunshine a day.
The roots of all plants like to be kept cool, citrus trees are no exception, so maybe protect the pot from heat. Place smaller pots around the base to provide shade.
Feeding or Fertilizing your pot grown citrus tree.
Citrus trees require feeding with a specialist citrus tree fertilizer. Apply once a month or according to instructions in late winter through to spring
What sorts of trees should you look for? Look for trees that are grafted onto dwarf root stock. Lemon trees and Tahitian Limes are popular. Calamodin and Cumquat’s also do well in pots.