How to Design Build a Garden Pond
Fairly easy to design install and build, Garden ponds add a little extra interest to any garden. If it be for fish, water lilies or just for the aesthetics a well designed pond in any landscaping project adds value as well as being a calming addition to the garden. You can build you own pond either using using pond liners, or preformed garden ponds.
Some local council regulations may need to be met before building a garden pond. A successful pond will be deep enough to allow plants and fish to have cool water, water flow is also essential to maintain a healthy garden pond.
Rocks and Foliage at the edge of a Garden Pond add a finishing touch (Foliage is a low growing or ‘prostrate’ conifer)
Correct design is the secret of how to build a pond. A well designed water garden or pond adds a tranquil feature to your home and can add value to your property.
From a simple stand alone unit, a pre cast pond or a waterfall, stream and pond combined a few factors need to be considered.
Garden pond construction profile, showing plant shelve design and rock edge placement.
Pond and stream design factors
Usually a fall of about 30cm in 3m is enough for a stream to run.
- Water loss:
Water loss can be minimized by using a good quality pond liner to line both the pond and stream. Streamside planting to provide shade can also help minimize water loss through evaporation.
Rocks and stones lining the stream help give a natural look. Rocks around a pond also look great.
Water flow is important, so a quality pump and filtration set up is essential. Pump suppliers can recommend an appropriate pump for the required water flow.
It is essential to make provision for overflow. Connect you pond to an overflow pit or a storm water drain (consult your local council for regulations)
No water garden is complete without plants.
Astilbe, Dicentra, Lobelia, Aquilegia, Ferns, Hostas, Rhododendrons, Rodgersia, Water lilies all do well in damp conditions. Plants provide a more natural look as well as protection from sun.
- Koi or ‘Nishikigoi‘
Garden ponds are a great feature in any garden, and when you use specialist garden pond liners and provide shade for you pond by using appropriate garden plants water loss from garden ponds and other water features through seepage can be minimized. Ponds kits are readily available, these include preformed garden ponds made from UV stabilised PVC or similar products. A waterfall flowing into a garden pond is another element to consider adding to your garden pond design. Fountains can be another very worthwhile feature in any garden pond.
All you need to create a stream is a gentle slope and access to electricity for a pump to circulate the water, storm water can be captured from your roof and stored in a tank to feed or top up the stream.
Garden Pond design can be simple, a pond liner with rocks for an edge and a solar powered pump will do the job.
Or you could install a more fanciful design, perhaps a natural woodland setting, with a trickling waterfall, logs and plants to the edge and a misting fountain to create a magical effect.
The trick with pond design is to work on your idea until you have a firm understanding of how it will fit into your overall garden design, and to use quality materials, especially pond liner.