Evergreen Trees – List and Types for the Australian Garden
Looking for a little shade from the hot afternoon sun? Or perhaps you want a little privacy, or ‘block out’ the neighbours, or just get some nice foliage into the garden for aesthetic purposes, the easy solution is to plant evergreen trees, but which ones are best for your garden.
- Small trees for Gardens and Courtyards.
- Small Eucalypts for the garden.
- Evergreen Magnolias
- Evergreen Screening Trees
A fantastic addition to any garden, they provide both shade and privacy and well as protection from wind. Ornamental and dwarf varieties can be found to suit most gardens, larger specimen or feature trees are used widely in parks and gardens.
And the most commonly grown evergreens in Australia are the Eucalyptus varieties
Many people look for fast growing trees as a solution, however fast growing often means that the tree will large rather than small, so final size in a major determination when selecting any tree, evergreen or other wise.
Evergreen trees including ornamental, dwarf and large growing types as well as fast growing species are an important consideration in landscaping as well as for environmental purposes. Providing shade, acting as screening trees for privacy and as shelter for other plants as well as being year round features in the garden. We look at some of the best evergreen trees for Australian conditions. The trees listed all have different requirements, however all are reasonably hardy evergreen trees.
We list our best evergreen trees for the garden as well as a list of evergreen trees available in Australia from leading nurseries
- Acmena smithii Minor
The Lily pilly is a fantastic Australian Native tree that is used widely as a screening plant and in topiary.
Prefers: Full Sun
- Agonis flexuosa
Commonly called the Willow Myrtle. A medium sized tree growing to around 12 m. A nice weeping habit with a spreading canopy. Tolerates dry conditions and with some additional water over the first few years is a reasonably fast growing tree.
Prefers: Full sun.
Flowers: Small white slightly fragrant flowers in spring to summer.
- Araucaria cunninghamii
Hoop Pine a tall tree to 40m. Used widely as a shade tree or street tree in open areas. Also suitable as a windbreak. Reasonably drought tolerant and will cope well with coastal conditions.
Prefers: Full Sun
- Arbutus andrachnoides
Fantastic garden specimen tree with very colorful bark and white ‘lily of the valley’ flowers. Arbutus x andrachnoides is a sterile cross so it does not produce fruit and is not invasive like some other species.
- Cornus capitata
Evergreen dogwood tree, well its evergreen in most climates but will drop leaves in colder climates.
Flowers: Yellow flowers in spring followed by yellow fruits that attract birds, try not to plant this one near a pathway. Will self seed.
- Gordonia yunnanense
Medium sized upright evergreen tree growing to 10m. Suitable for use as a specimen tree with fragrant flowers in spring
Prefers: Full Sun to part shade. Well mulched root run to maintain moisture. Protection from frosts.
Flowers: A little like ‘fried eggs’ white with yellow stamens, very attractive with a citrus fragrance.
- Hibiscus tiliaceus
Known as the Beach hibiscus or Coastal cottonwood, will grow to 6-8m depending on conditions. Suitable for coastal plantings. Bronze foliage and a rounded spreading canopy.
Prefers: A moist root run
Flowers: Pale Yellow flowers from late winter
- Ficus macrophylla
Moreton Bay Fig. A tall growing spreading evergreen tree suitable to very large gardens or parkland. Lovely dense dark green shiny foliage.
Prefers: A moist bust well drained soil. Full sun
- Ficus hillii
Ficus microcarpa var. hillii or Hill’s Weeping Fig. Fast growing evergreen tree tree to 20m. Best suited to parklands, very large gardens or open roadside plantings.
Prefers: Generally a hardy tree but prefers a hummus rich moist well drained soil.
- Magnolia grandiflora
The evergreen magnolias range from very large trees to much smaller plants suitable for use as garden specimens or hedging plants. Includes; Little Gem, Exmouth, Kay Parris, Teddy Bear.
- Tristaniopsis laurina
Water Gum or Kanooka. Yellow perfumed flowers in summer from this spreading evergreen tree. Will grow from 7-17m depending on conditions and is used as a street tree or garden shade tree.
Prefers: Full sun to light shade and does require moisture.
- Ulmus parvifolia (Chinese Elm semi evergreen)
- Will grow to 8 -14m with a nice spreading canopy. Nice dark green foliage and will be deciduous or semi deciduous in colder climates. Attractive bark indwell require some water during dry periods. Used widely as a street tree.
- Waterhousea floribunda
Weeping Lillypilly. Lovely evergreen tree for a moist humus rich soil. Will reach 30m in ideal conditions.