Chaenomeles Japonica ( syn. Chaenomeles speciosa) is the flowering quince. Brilliant red to pink flowers in late winter followed by fruit often used to make the well known ‘Quince Jelly’. Often seen as an old fashioned plant they probably deserve a little more attention.
These are a suckering clump forming plant that form a dense thicket, excellent as a flowering hedge. And the white flowering one is known as Chaenomeles speciosa. Most will reach around 2.5 – 3m in height.
Commonly called the Japanese Quince, this is a plant that has had a few name changes, originally called Pyrus japonica, then Cydonia japonica and now, correctly known as Chaenomeles speciosa
Care and Pruning
Pruning is best carried out in spring after flowering. Remove any dead wood and problem growth. Larger, older growth can also be removed to promote new growth. Older clumps can be rejuvenated by cutting back 1/4 of old growth each year. We suggest removing some growth each year to prevent the clump becoming to dense which can inhibit flowering.
These are a clumping plant that over time will reach 2 – 3 m in height and form a clump 1m across. Flowers are slightly fragrant and open to a saucer shape. Frost hardy, drought and cold tolerant Chaenomeles speciosa can be used as a clumping feature plant, pruned to a hedge or even trained a standard if you have the patience. Its dense growth habit makes it a good screen or barrier plant.
Easily grown from cuttings.
As with so many plants it is the cultivars that are sought after, and a few are standouts.
- C. speciosa ‘Winter Cheer’ -Brilliant red flowers.
- C.speciosa ‘Falconnet Charlet’ – This is a pink flowering variety, pale pink and very pretty flowers.
- C.speciosa ‘Nivillis’ – A cultivar with white flowers.