The Yucca plant is sometimes known as ‘soapweed’, ‘Adams Needle’ and Spanish Dagger. Most Yucca are a fast growing shrubs to small trees originally from Mexico through to Arizona.
Yucca filanentosa and Yucca elephantipes are two popular species. Yucca harrimaniae is a lower growing variety that would suite a rock garden. Grow in the garden or in a pot or conatiner as a feature in a courtyard garden. Yucca species include : schottii, elephantipes, marginata, baileyii, treculeana, australis and rostrata. Yucca gloriosa is pictured right
Increasingly popular both in the home garden and a landscaping plants, Yucca vary greatly in size and form.
Yucca brevifolia or Joshua Tree will grow to 15m. The soaptree yucca oryucca elata grows from2-5m depending on conditions.
Yuccas commonly used in landscaping include lower growing types such asyucca gloriosa, yucca filamentosa and yucca flaccida. Of the taller growing varieties yucca rostrata is an interesting and perhaps sturdier form
Yucca plants prefer a warm position and a well drained soil. Yucca tend to grow to be quite large however they are suitable for indoors in a well lit position Yucca elephantipes is suitable for growing in a large pot. Yucca filamentosa is known as ‘Adam’s Needle’ and with its lance like foliage and colorful flowers is a stunning plant, look for cultivars such as ‘bright edge’, ‘variegata’, ‘ivory tower’ and ‘golden sword’
Yucca rostrata ‘sapphire skies’ is a cultivar of Yucca rostrata, will grow well in a pot or container as a specimen plant.
Growing Yucca Plants
Yuccas are easy care and can be grown from cuttings (taken during the warmer months in cool area). Remember that Yuccas will need a position which receives plenty of sun if they are to flower. Yucca require a well drained position and do not like to damp soils. Yuccas can be grown (propagated) from seed or cuttings.
Yuccas are generally sun loving, however they will cope with some shade, in general yucca require a well drained soil. Yuccas are generally drought tolerant and require very little maintenance. Removal of spent flower heads, occasional watering and fertilizer application every month or two will keep your yucca in good condition.
Cuttings are best taken in the warmer months, simply find a mature stem and remove it with a sharp knife, let the cut section heal or dry for 2-3 days and then plant in a well drained potting mix. Tall cutting may need to be staked. Leave in the same pot, in filtered light, and keep moist until the root system is well established.
Use of Yucca plants in Landscaping
Yucca can be grown in the garden or in pots or containers and do well both indoors with sufficient lighting as well as outdoors. Used widely with modern architecture and in commercial settings they are low maintenance and hardy. They work well both in mass plantings and as feature plants.
Yuccas flower during autumn/summer and spring, so with some great flowering varieties you can easily add colour to your garden. Yucca glauca is the floral emblem of New Mexico.Yucca treculeana is known as ‘The Spanish Dagger’ a spectacular yucca growing to 5m, the flowers of this yucca are said to be eaten in Latin America.
Yucca are suitable for growing in containers or pots, larger species are best grown in the ground.
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