The Yucca plant is sometimes known as ‘soapweed’, ‘Adams Needle’ and Spanish Dagger. Most Yucca plants are a fast growing shrubs to small trees originally from Mexico through to Arizona.
Yucca filanentosa and Yucca elephantipes are two of the more popular species. However other varieties are increasingly popular both in the home garden and a landscaping plants, Yucca vary greatly in size and form.
Yuccas commonly used in landscaping include lower growing types such as Y. gloriosa, Y. filamentosa and Y. flaccida.
Yucca plants prefer a warm position and a well drained soil. Yucca tend to grow to be quite large however they are suitable for indoors in a well lit position
Yucca Plant Varieties
- Yucca harrimaniae is a lower growing variety that would suite a rock garden. Grow in the garden or in a pot or container as a feature in a courtyard garden.
- Yucca brevifolia or Joshua Tree will grow to 15m.
- The soap tree yucca or Yucca elata grows from2-5m depending on conditions. Yucca rostrata ‘Sapphire Skies’ is a cultivar of Y. rostrata, will grow well in a pot or container as a specimen plant.
- Of the taller growing varieties Yucca rostrata is an interesting and perhaps sturdier form.
- Yucca filamentosa is known as ‘Adam’s Needle’ and with its lance like foliage and colorful flowers is a stunning plant, look for cultivars such as ‘Bright edge’, ‘Variegata’, ‘Ivory Tower’ and ‘Golden Sword.
- Yucca gloriosa is a very popular species, pictured right
- Yucca elephantipes is suitable for growing in a large pot. ‘
Growing Yucca Plants
Yuccas are easy care and can be grown from cuttings (taken during the warmer months in cool area). Remember that Yuccas will need a position which receives plenty of sun if they are to flower. Yucca require a well drained position and do not like to damp soils. Yuccas can be grown (propagated) from seed or cuttings.
Yuccas are generally sun loving, however they will cope with some shade, in general yucca require a well drained soil. Yuccas are generally drought tolerant and require very little maintenance. Removal of spent flower heads, occasional watering and fertilizer application every month or two will keep your yucca in good condition.
Cuttings are best taken in the warmer months, simply find a mature stem and remove it with a sharp knife, let the cut section heal or dry for 2-3 days and then plant in a well drained potting mix. Tall cutting may need to be staked. Leave in the same pot, in filtered light, and keep moist until the root system is well established.
Use of Yucca plants in Landscaping
Yucca can be grown in the garden or in pots or containers and do well both indoors with sufficient lighting as well as outdoors. Used widely with modern architecture and in commercial settings they are low maintenance and hardy. They work well both in mass plantings and as feature plants.
Yuccas flower during autumn/summer and spring, so with some great flowering varieties you can easily add colour to your garden. Yucca glauca is the floral emblem of New Mexico.Yucca treculeana is known as ‘The Spanish Dagger’ a spectacular yucca growing to 5m, the flowers of this yucca are said to be eaten in Latin America.
Yucca are suitable for growing in containers or pots, larger species are best grown in the ground.
Yucca plants are available for sale from the following participating nurseries
Mount Martha,Victoria 3934 - Ph: 03 59742599
Supplier and installer of advanced Bamboo together with Canary Island Date Palms, Cycads, Grass Trees for residential and commercial projects.
P O Box 398 Creswick Vic 3363
Retail & Mail Order Specialist Growers of Heritage Roses, Unusual Perennials, Tree & Herbaceous Peonies. Mail order and Nursery Sales.
685 Mickleham Rd, GreenVale,Vic 3059
Grass trees, palms, ferns, bromeliads, cycads, cordylines, yucca, bannanas, birds of paradise, succulents, dracaenas, ponytails, for all gardens sizes from small to large landscaped gardens. Advanced Date Palms available.
52 Rodd St Canowindra NSW 2804
An online nursery specialising in drought and frost tolerant perennials and fragrant, edible and herbs.
321 Ilkley Rd Eudlo 4554 – Ph: 1800 072 999
RORAIMA NURSERY – phone/Fax: (03) 5282 8704
20 Swan Street, Lara, Vic. 3212 Contact: